The Museum national d’Histoire naturelle (MNHN), one of the world’s oldest and major natural history institutions (2,000 people), contributes to the knowledge and conservation of biodiversity through research, higher education (Master and PhD), training, and conservation of reference collections. MNHN provides expertise to the French and European government for environmental policies, it is for instance fully involved as national scientific pilot for the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, as Descriptor 1 (biodiversity). Involved in more than 30 european Union funded projects, among which the Integrated Infrastructure Initiative SYNTHESYS and hosting the European Topic Centre (ETC) on Biological Diversity, MNHN has acquired a worthy expertise in the interaction between European science-policy makers and scientists, as well as in the expert assessment of issues related to biodiversity.
The MNHN platform « Natural Heritage » is specialized in i) expertise and knowledge dissemination to environmental managers and the general public ii) the animation of expert groups in the field of the environment such as the Groupe Tortues Marines France and environmental indicators building iii) the preparation of national reports and expertise to the international conventions (e.g. Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic “OSPAR”; Protocol of Specially Protected Areas of the Barcelona Convention, etc).
Since 2013, in the framework of a scientific and technical convention with the national scientific pilot of MSFD Descriptor 10 and leader of the European Marine Litter technical Group (IFREMER), MNHN organized a European sea turtles and birds expert workshop in 2014 (Marseille, France) about biological constraints of indicator « litter ingested by sea turtles » D10C3. In cooperation with CNRS EPHE, MNHN proposed to settle an international collaborative approach in 2015 during the RAC SPA MedTurtle symposium and designed for FRANCE a proposal for a candidate indicator « litter ingested by sea turtles ) within OSPAR EIHA.
Within INDICIT project, MNHN will be the leader of the activity 5 (communication, dissemination and outreach) and participate in activity 2 and will especially perform task 2.1 and task 2.2 and the workshops of activity 3 and activity 4 for the determination of GES and Indicators criteria.